AD is founded on the principle that genealogy is more than just names, dates and places.

Each individual, either alive or dead, has a story, and oftentimes these have been left to us by previous scholarship. Occasionally, surviving documents of the indivduals themselves can be found. Such documents are valuable for understanding our ancestors and their lives.

It is our hope to be able to present people with more detail than most other similar sites, whose main interest is generally the establishment of genealogies alone. Consequently, as far as is possible, records will include full citations of the text in the source used.

There is no original research here, unless we have had to take a stance on a particular connection. If so, this is explained in the notes of the individual(s) concerned. All research is that of our betters in this area.

Some generalisations have been made:
  • Surnames have been standardised for each family in an attempt to ensure quality of data. You may, therefore, find occurrences where individuals famously spelled their surname differently to that listed here. For evidence of the acutal spelling see the notes. This does, however, ensure, that the database is significantly easier to check for duplicate records, the bane of any data set.
  • Individuals with no specific surnames other than patronymics still belong to families. In Scandinavian medieval genealogy, this has been solved by the assignation of surnames based on territorial designations. For instance, the family whose main estate was Aspenäs, would be called Aspenäsätten (i.e. the Aspenäs-family). Wherever possible such practices have been followed, though not to the extent that the name is put in brackets to distinguish it from an actual surname.
  • Families whose main surnames become territorial with time, or whose members are distinguished by their titles rather than a family name, may be found under the generally accepted, and oftentimes much later adopted, surname. Thus, for example, the Ascanian family of Germany were known principally under the name of the counties of Anhalt, Sachsen, Brandenburg, et c., whereas they belonged to the house of Ascania. The territorial designation has, in these cases been followed, to ensure consistency with generally accepted practice.
  • Locations are usually never given lower than four levels. The top level being country, then county, parish, and/or village or estate, if appropriate. Occasionally, an exact address may be present. Note that counties or the district within any country that could be equated to the second level of domestic governance, has been called a county "co." regardless of the practice within the country itself. Thus, Yorkshire has been, incorrectly, but consistently with other nations, entered as "co. York", "Ayrshire" as "co. Ayr" and "Stockholms län" as "co. Stockholm", "Moscow oblast" as "co. Moscow". Parishes have been noted as such wherever known. Any other territorial designations, e.g. Scottish baronies, have been left without further notation, thus for e.g. "Bower parish, co. Caithness, Soctland", but "Cambusnethan, co. Lanark, Scotland" when referring to the barony or territory in general rather than the parish per se.